YOUR GUIDE TO SKIN TYPES + CONDITIONS
Sometimes it's a good idea to get back to basics and in this blog post, I will be talking about skin types and conditions. When you are caring for your skin it's important to truly understand your genetic skin type and how to treat chronic and temporary skin conditions.
You get your genetic skin type from mom and dad plus, there are some skin conditions like rosacea, eczema, acne or freckles that can also be passed down (more about that in a moment.)
Keep in mind the most misread skin types are oily and combination. Many people think they have oily skin because they see a little bit of shine, when in fact they have combination skin. This leads to purchasing products designed for oily that can cause issues like dehydrating and drying out the skin, redness, acne and even more production of oil resulting in blackheads and clogged pores.
One of the ways dermatologists determine your skin type by the size and location of your pores. Regardless of how dry or oily your skin may look or feel at the moment take a good look at your skin and check out the areas where you have enlarged pores. See skin type characteristics below and diagrams below.
Normal skin has the ideal balance of hydration and oil levels. This skin type may have a few enlarged pores but overall smaller pores, even tone and smooth to the touch.
Oily skin tends to have larger pores throughout the entire face including the cheek area. This skin type can look coarse or "thick" and tends to become easily congested and have excess oil or “shine.” It can look to have an "orange peel" effect. Blackheads and/or some acne are also common with oily skin. The in pink areas below are the places that will have larger pores and tend to be more oily.
Combination skin will have areas of both dryness and oiliness. The pores will generally be enlarged on only certain areas of the face.
This will include the chin, nose, between the eyebrows and cheek area right next to the nose. This is commonly known as the “t-zone” area. The cheeks and side of the face have smaller pores and will usually be a bit dry.
I have found that combination skin is the most common skin type and can range from combination and slightly dry to combination and slightly oily. The pink areas below are the spots on the face that will have enlarged pores and produce more oil than the rest of the face.
Dry skin will have small to tiny pores all over the entire face and lacks the production of oil which in turn moisturizes the skin.
Characteristics of dry skin can matte or dull looking, flakey, itchy, scaly and could become irritated from dryness. The pink areas below indicate the tiny areas where you may have a few larger pores/clogged pores or a little shine by the end of the day.
True sensitive skin is caused from a genetic predisposition, so chances are if your parents have sensitive skin then you may as well.
Characteristics of sensitive skin is redness, dry patches, chapped skin, tendency to sunburn and easily irritated by laundry detergents/perfumes.
Someone born with sensitive skin may also be prone to allergies, asthma and facial blushing. This skin type is considered to be more delicate in general, often lower in pigment but also a thinner epidermis which means the blood vessels are closer to the surface of the skin, hence the appearance of redness.
The main reason why adverse skin reactions occur is a defect in the skin's protective outer layer called the epidermal lipid barrier. This barrier isn't as protective as it should be allowing irritants, bacteria, and allergens to penetrate the skin a lot easier. This barrier is also important when it comes to inflammatory skin conditions like rosacea, dermatitis, psoriasis, and eczema.
The face diagram below indicates areas of sensitivity on a person with true sensitive skin. This includes the entire face, neck and body.
Start with your “base skin type” and then address any skin conditions while taking into consideration where you live.
Speak to us for the best product combination , skin care routines, tips, and tricks for each skin type!
Credit babe & beauty.